31 Ephesians Bible Study Questions and Answers To Engage with God’s Word

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Ephesians Bible Study Questions and Answers can help you engage with God’s Word in new ways, but to do so you must first be familiar with the questions, which are as follows


How long should you study the bible?

The short answer is as long as it takes. I don’t think there is an amount of time that’s appropriate for everyone to study, but instead, a length of time that feels right to each individual.

I have learned so much from people who are able to sit down on Sunday and spend several hours studying scripture, and I admire those who take a few minutes each day during their morning routine or whenever they get a chance throughout their day.

For me personally, my goal has been to read through at least one book of scripture in a year. That may not seem like a lot, but reading through all 66 books once will allow you to engage with God’s word every single day for an entire year!

It has been amazing how much my life has changed since beginning Bible journaling and reading through one book of scripture per year.

If you haven’t yet begun your journey with daily bible study, I hope you will consider giving it a try!


What does Bible study accomplish?

Bible study is a great way to engage with scripture. It forces us to slow down and ask questions about what we read. It helps us determine what truths are in scripture that we can apply to our lives.

And it provides opportunities for fellowship with other believers who want to grow closer to Christ together. But even though Bible study has so many benefits, it’s not always easy to know where or how to start.

That’s why I’ve put together these Bible study questions on Ephesians.
These questions will help you dig into God’s word and get the answers you need as you grow closer to Christ through your Bible reading plan!

let us not be weary in well doing

4 Ways to Make Bible Study More Meaningful

The purpose of Bible study isn’t just to learn facts from scripture—it’s also to find out what God wants us to do with those facts. So here are four ways you can make sure your Bible study time is meaningful and productive:

1) Pray before studying.

2) Find someone else who wants to be involved in bible study (it doesn’t have to be an official group – just someone else doing their own personal bible study).

3) Ask yourself hard questions about life, faith, and God before starting each day of Bible reading.

4) Stop every once in a while and think about what you’ve learned. Bible study should never be boring. If it feels like work, then something is wrong! Bible study should involve engagement with God’s word, not just passive reading.

How To Be A Good Leader In Your Bible Study Group

If you’re leading a bible study group at church or at home, there are some things you can do to keep everyone engaged and learning from scripture. Here are 5 tips for being a good leader in your bible study group:

1) Know when to step back and let others lead.

2) Encourage participation by asking questions instead of making statements all the time.

3) Don’t assume people understand everything you say.

4) Keep discussions focused on scripture and don’t bring up unrelated topics.

5) Take turns to share your thoughts, ideas, and insights during Bible study time.


Why Is Reading The Bible Important?

There are lots of reasons why reading God’s word is important–and none of them are secret or complicated!

Scripture teaches us about God, ourselves, and our world; it gives us hope; it makes us better people; it brings peace to our hearts; etc.

But one reason why Bible reading is important that often gets overlooked is that it reminds us of how much God loves his children.

How do you engage with god’s word?

How do you study a book? Well, different people go about it in different ways. And there’s no right or wrong way to do it. But there are a lot of tips, tricks, and strategies that can help make your Bible study more effective, exciting, dynamic, rewarding—or all of those things! Here are some ways to engage with Scripture. You might want to try them out for yourself, but maybe you already have a system down that works great for you.

What are some questions you can ask when reading the bible?

Paul never instructs us to merely read his words, but instead to engage them. When reading Ephesians, for example, we should ask questions such as… What is Paul saying? Why is he saying it?

How does what he says relate to my life today? How can I apply what Paul writes today? We live in a culture that values information over meaning; sometimes we forget how important it is not just to know things but also to ask why they matter.

Asking questions about our bible readings helps us do both. To help you engage scripture, here are some common questions you can consider when reading bible study on Ephesians. 

Where does Paul get his authority?

He quotes Jesus (1:10), who gets His authority from God (Matthew 28:18). God gives him the words of eternal life (1:2) and gives him the mystery of Christ (3:3). Paul then applies those truths to believers in Ephesus.

What does it mean to have an attitude of gratitude toward God?

The word translated gratitude literally means counting oneself happy. In other words, thankfulness is more than just feeling grateful; it involves taking action by counting yourself happy because you belong to Christ. 

Why do Christians need forgiveness?

We all fall short of God’s glory and deserve punishment (Romans 3:23). Because we’re sinners, none of us will escape death or judgment. If left to ourselves, there’s no way out—but through Christ, there is hope! 

What does it mean to be united with Christ?

Paul explains that when you were dead in your sins…God made you alive together with him…He forgave us all our sins…[and] raised us up with him and seated us with him in the heavenly realms in Christ Jesus (2:5-6).

Who is filled by God’s grace?

Everyone who believes has been filled by God’s grace!

What does it mean to fear God?

What are different ways to read the bible?

Here are some of the most common ways people read the Bible. Which style do you use? Or, have you tried them all? If so, which one is your favorite?
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1) Read a Chapter a Day

This is a great way to start reading scripture every day. Some days it may be difficult to find time to sit down and study for 20 minutes or more but by reading just one chapter a day it is much easier to fit into your schedule.
One chapter is usually around 4-6 verses depending on how long or short they are.
If you can’t make it through an entire chapter in one sitting then break up your time over two days but try not to go over 2 days in between readings as it will become harder to remember what was read previously if too much time has passed between readings. By completing chapters each day you will be able to finish reading entire books of scripture in just weeks!

2) Read Chapters Out of Order 

While some people like to read straight through from Genesis to Revelation (or some other set order), there are others who prefer to skip around and read different parts at different times.
They might even decide that they want to focus on certain books such as all of Paul’s letters, all of Isaiah, etc.
You don’t have to stick with anyone’s plan either; maybe you want to spend a month focused on Jesus’ parables followed by another month focused on his miracles?
There really isn’t any right or wrong way when it comes to Bible reading so whatever works best for you is fine!

Ephesians Bible Study Questions and Answers: Engage with God’s Word

Ephesians is one of the most well-known of the apostle Paul’s letters. It is recognized as one of the “prison epistles” since he composed it while confined (see Ephesians 3:1, 4:1, and 6:20). This Bible study guide will assist you in exploring this important book and learning important lessons about God and the Christian life to help you grow spiritually.

Let’s look at 25 great questions and answers to learn more about the Lord’s Word and this Apostle of Jesus Christ.

Ephesians 1:1

Who were the recipients of this letter?

This letter is addressed to all believers who lived in the city of Ephesus. Scholars believe this was a circular letter, meant not only for the Ephesians but also for other churches in the province of Asia. Acts chapter 19 tells us about Paul’s trip to Ephesus when he started the Church there.

Ephesians 1:3-14

What are the blessings that God has given the believers through Christ?

The book of Ephesians tells us about blessings that God has given us corporately, that is, He blessed the Church as a whole. So, when someone becomes a true believer, they become recipients of those blessings. This is the list that Paul wrote:

  • God blessed us with every spiritual blessing in the heavenly places in Christ (verse 3).
  • He chose us in Christ before the foundation of the world, that we should be holy and without blame before Him in love (verse 4).
  • He predestined us to adoption as sons by Jesus Christ to Himself (verse 5).
  • He made us accepted in Christ (verse 6).
  • He redeemed us through Jesus’s blood (verse 7).
  • He forgave our sins (verse 7).
  • He made His grace abound toward us in all wisdom and prudence (verse 8).
  • He made the mystery of His will known to us (verse 9).
  • He gave us an inheritance (verse 11).
  • He predestined us according to the counsel of His will (verse 11).
  • He sealed us with the Holy Spirit of promise, who is the guarantee of our inheritance until the redemption of the purchased possession (verse 13).

All these blessings were possible because of the sacrifice of Jesus Christ, who died on the cross for us. We receive them when we are “in Christ” (when we are part of the spiritual Church, the body of Christ).

Ephesians 1:15-16

Why is Paul thankful to God for the Ephesians? What can we learn from that?

Paul was thankful because he had heard about the Ephesian believers’ faith in the Lord Jesus and their love for all the community of believers (all the saints).

From this statement, we learn that our faith must be practical, and it must be seen by people around us. Our faith and love for the Lord are expressed in our love for our brothers and sisters in Christ.

Ephesians 1:20-22

What is Jesus Christ’s position of authority?

Paul wrote that Jesus was seated at the right hand of the Father in the heavenly places after He was raised from the dead. The right hand was the symbolic place of highest honor and authority back then.

Jesus was given authority over all spiritual powers (all principality, power, might, and dominion) and over any authority that has ever existed and will exist. In other words, there is no authority, in all creation, above Him.

Paul also addressed this subject in Philippians 2:9-11. He affirmed that the Father gave Jesus “the name which is above every name” (Philippians 2:9 NKJV).

When we say that Jesus is the Lord, this is what it means: He has authority over every creature in all creation, both in the physical world and in the spiritual realm as well.

Ephesians 1:23

What illustration does Paul use to explain the relationship between Jesus Christ and the Church?

Paul said that Jesus is the head, and the Church is His body. When we think about how the human body works, we realize how profound this illustration was. It shows that not only does Jesus govern the Church as its head, but also that the members are connected to each other as parts of the body. Those different members work together to accomplish the same goal, established by the head.

Paul explained this analogy in 1 Corinthians 12:12-31. He used it again in Ephesians 4:12,16 and 5:29-30, Romans 12:4-5, 1 Corinthians 6:15 and 10:17, Colossians 1:18,24 and 3:15. The author of the book of Hebrews also used it in Hebrews 13:3.


Ephesians 2:1-3

What was the situation of any Christian before they met Jesus?

Paul described the terrible situation of any Christian before they met Jesus:

  • They were dead in trespasses and sins.
  • They walked according to the course of this world, that is, the sinful system that is governed by the “prince of the power of the air” (Ephesians 2:2 NKJV).
  • They were sons of disobedience.
  • They conducted themselves in the lusts of their flesh (their sinful nature).
  • They were, by nature, children of wrath (deserving of condemnation).

Note how Paul emphasizes the fact that the people in this situation are sinners by nature, and their lives are governed by sin. This scenario keeps them away from God (Romans 3:23).

Paul wrote this dreadful list referring to all Christians in the past, himself included. We can assume that this is the current state of anyone who hasn’t believed in Jesus yet.

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Ephesians 2:4-7

What did God do for us when we were dead sinners? Why did He do that?

Verses 4 and 5 make it clear that God acted while we, believers, were still sinners. This is what He did for us:

  • He made us alive together with Christ.
  • He raised us up together.
  • He made us sit together in the heavenly places in Christ Jesus.

God did that for us because He is rich in mercy and because of His great love for us (verse 4). So, He wanted to show His extraordinary grace through his kindness towards us in Christ (verse 7). That’s why it is called “amazing grace.”

Ephesians 2:8-9

How is a person saved?

Paul affirmed that a sinner is saved by grace through faith (see also Romans 3:24,27-28).

  • Saved by grace: it means that salvation is a gift of God. So, the saved person doesn’t pay or give anything in exchange for their salvation. It is free for the one receiving it, but it had the highest cost: the life of the Son of God (John 3:16).
  • Saved through faith: it means that the sinner must respond to God’s grace by trusting, believing in Him, and accepting Jesus Christ’s atoning sacrifice for them (John 3:36).

A sinner is not saved because they are good or because they did something to deserve it. They are saved because God is good and gracious. So, He gets the glory, not us.

What role do their good works play in their salvation?

A person gives nothing of their own, and they do not pay for salvation in any way. So, their good works don’t contribute at all. Good deeds do have a purpose as the fruit of their salvation, as we will see in the next question. Therefore, a saved person must produce good works as a result of their salvation, not to acquire it.

Ephesians 2:10

What was God’s purpose for creating and saving us?

God created us to do good works. However, sin corrupted us, and we became incapable of doing anything that could be considered good by His standards. So, Jesus saved us so we could fulfill God’s plan and do the works that He had prepared for us even before we were saved.

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Ephesians 2:11-19

What was the situation of the non-Jews (the Gentiles) before Jesus died? How has Christ’s sacrifice changed that?

“Gentiles” is how Jews call the foreigners, the non-Jews. Since God had made His covenant with Israel, it didn’t include the Gentiles (see verses 11 and 12). That means they didn’t have any hope of knowing God.

But, when Jesus died, his sacrifice became available to anyone who believed, no matter their ethnicity. Paul said that Jesus reached both peoples, those who were far off (the Gentiles) and those who were near (the Jews).

Because of Jesus, the Gentiles are no longer foreigners to God. When they believe, they become “fellow citizens with the saints and members of the household of God” (Ephesians 2:19 NKJV), just as the Jews who believe become too. There is no longer an ethnic division among the people of God (the Church).

Ephesians 2:19-22

What does it mean to say that Jesus Christ is the cornerstone of the household of God?

In that analogy, Paul compares the Church (the believers) to a household of God (a building). He said that Jesus is the chief cornerstone of that building. The cornerstone is the first stone set in place to start construction. It guides the placement of all other stones. Jesus being the cornerstone means that not only is He the most significant piece of the building, but He is also the one that determines how all other individual stones will be placed. Those stones represent the believers (Jews and Gentiles).

With this analogy, Paul makes it clear that Jesus is the one who governs the Church, and its members are equals (Galatians 3:28, Romans 2:11). He finished that illustration by saying that the Church grows into a holy temple in the Lord, meaning that it is the place where God dwells through the Holy Spirit.

Ephesians 3:1-6

To whom did God reveal the mystery of Christ? And what is that mystery?

God, through His Spirit, revealed the mystery of Christ to his apostles and prophets. Usually, the expression “the apostles and the prophets” refers to the biblical authors of the New Testament and the Old Testament. They were inspired by the Holy Spirit (2 Timothy 3:16) to write the books that became part of the Christian Bible.

The mystery is that the gospel would reach both Jews and Gentiles. It means that God’s plan was to include the Gentiles in His salvation. Therefore, through Jesus’s sacrifice, they can be heirs of His promises and part of His community of saints (the Church).

Ephesians 3:8-9

What was Paul’s mission?

His mission was to preach the gospel among the Gentiles, so they would believe in Jesus Christ. The Lord Jesus Himself gave him this assignment on the road to Damascus (Acts 26:15-18).

Ephesians 3:20-21

What did Paul say about God’s ability to respond to our requests?

He said that God can do “exceedingly abundantly above all that we ask or think, according to the power that works in us” (Ephesians 3:20 NKJV). Note the words that Paul uses to express how God is so powerful that He can do far more than we could ever ask or think.

Ephesians 4:1-3

What argument did Paul use to convince his readers of the importance of unity in the Church?

Paul told the Ephesians to make the effort to keep the unity of the Spirit in the bond of peace in the Church. Since keeping unity requires an effort, he explained the importance of that unity to convince them to try hard. In his argument, he explains how unity is a characteristic of God and of the faith they now embrace. He said there is:

  • One body and one spirit.
  • One hope of their calling.
  • One Lord.
  • One faith.
  • One baptism.
  • One God and Father of all.

Like everything in this list, the members of the Church must be united as one too. The unity in the Church testifies to the unity of the Triune God and the gospel.

Ephesians 4:11-16

What are the ministry roles that Jesus gave to the Church? What is their purpose?

The ministry roles that Jesus gave to the Church are (verse 11):

  • Apostles.
  • Prophets.
  • Evangelists.
  • Pastors and teachers (scholars debate whether these are two individual roles, or one single role with two responsibilities, pastoring and teaching).

Those ministry roles have the purpose of preparing all believers for the work of ministry and building them up as members of the body of Christ, that is, the spiritual Church (verse 12).

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Ephesians 4:17-24

What was the situation of the Gentiles before they believed in Jesus?

Paul wrote that the Gentiles were in the following situation before they believed in Jesus (verses 17-19):

  • They walked in the futility of their minds.
  • Their understanding was darkened.
  • They were alienated from the life of God.
  • They were ignorant.
  • Their heart was blind.
  • They were past feeling.
  • They had given themselves over to lewdness, to work all uncleanness with greediness.

What did Paul say that the Gentiles should do after they believed?

After presenting the list of their former situation as sinners, Paul confronted the Christian Gentiles to change their behavior. He used an illustration to tell them to leave their old ways behind. He said they needed to put off their old man or old self (their sinful nature) and put on the new man or new self (their holy nature), as if they were changing clothes. Paul meant that there are not just a few things that they need to change, but their whole life.

Ephesians 5:1-2

What Are the Two Key Commands That Paul Gave All Believers?

Paul commanded us to be imitators of God as dear children. So, we should pursue holiness (1 Peter 1:15-16). He also told us to walk in love, as Christ did. Jesus gave His own life for us, so we should imitate Him as well and love others as He loved us.

If we do that, we will automatically obey all other commands he had given in the prior verses, like not lying (Ephesians 4:25), not stealing (verse 28), not using inappropriate language (verse 29), being kind, forgiving one another (verse 32), and so on.

Ephesians 5:18-21

What did Paul say that believers do when they are filled with the Holy Spirit?

Paul told the Ephesian believers not to be drunk with wine, but to be filled with the Holy Spirit instead, so they would:

  • Speak to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs (verse 19).
  • Sing and make melody in their hearts to the Lord (verse 19).
  • Give thanks always for all things to God the Father in the name of the Lord Jesus Christ (verse 20).
  • Submit to one another in the fear of God (verse 21).

Ephesians 5:22-33

What are the roles of the wife and the husband in a Biblical marriage?

Paul taught that the husband should be the leader, and the wife should submit to his leadership. These roles are aligned with the creation of man and woman (1 Timothy 2:13, Genesis 2:18-24).

Paul establishes a reference for both roles, which is key to understanding how they should work:

  • The husband must follow Christ’s example of sacrificial love in his leadership.
  • The wife must follow the Church’s example of respectful submission to Christ.

Paul wrote a careful explanation of how the husband should treat his wife (see verses 25 to 33). Male leadership is not an excuse to be dictatorial. He explains in length how the husband must care for, cherish, and protect his wife, to the point of giving his life for her as Jesus did for the Church.

The harmony of marriage is achieved with the husband serving and loving his wife through his leadership, and the wife respecting her husband through her submission. That harmonious relationship is a representation of the union between Christ and the Church (verse 32).

Ephesians 6:10-18

What is the purpose of the whole armor of God? Against whom are we supposed to fight?

The apostle Paul used an illustration that was easy for the people of his time to understand. He used the elements of the whole armor of a Roman soldier to illustrate a spiritual armor given to us by God.

The purpose of the whole armor of God is to allow us to stand against the deceptions of the devil (verse 11) and to resist the evil day (verse 13).

Paul said that we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but “against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places” (Ephesians 6:12 NKJV). Keep in mind that our enemies are not a match for the Lord (Ephesians 1:19-21, Colossians 2:15).

What are the elements of the whole armor of God and what do they represent?

The elements of the whole armor of God are (verses 14-17):

  • The belt of truth.
  • The breastplate of righteousness.
  • Feet prepared with the gospel of peace.
  • The shield of faith is used to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked one.
  • The helmet of salvation.
  • The sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God.

Note that there is only one element that can be used for both defense and attack, which is the sword of the Spirit. Also note that, along with using the whole armor of God, Paul tells his readers to pray at all times (verse 18). Prayer is a key component of spiritual warfare.

Ephesians 6:19-20

What is Paul’s prayer request? What can we learn from it?

Paul asked the Ephesian believers to pray for him, that God would give him the words to boldly preach the gospel, as he knew he had to do.

We can learn a few lessons from this simple prayer request:

  • Even though Paul was an apostle and had done many amazing things, he was humble to ask other people to pray for him.
  • He also knew that he depended upon God, so he asked that the Lord give him the words to speak boldly. He didn’t trust his own talents or experience (1 Corinthians 2:1-5); he trusted the Lord.
  • He was aware of his mission to proclaim the gospel. In that short prayer request, that was his focus.

These are excellent examples for us, for our ministry, and for our Christian life.

This Bible study on Ephesians helps answer questions such as What does it mean to be filled with the Spirit? What is a Good Life? What does it mean to walk by faith? and many more. Take some time today to read through these passages, ask yourself some tough questions, and dig deeper into what it means to live in a relationship with Jesus Christ. The more you know about His word, and how He wants you to live your life, the better equipped you will be for living out your calling in life!
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